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十九大報告詮釋全球治理之中國方案
——中國對全球治理的貢獻與作用
來源: 當代世界 時間: 2017-12-19 點擊數: 19207
 

shijiudabaogaozhichu,zhongguobingchigongshanggongjiangongxiangdequanqiuzhiliguan,jiangjixufahuifuzerendaguozuoyong,jijicanyuquanqiuzhilitixigaigehejianshe,buduangongxianzhongguozhihuiheliliang。jinruxinshidaidezhongguo,duishijiejingjidegongxiankaishiyouliangzengdaozhibian,duiquanqiuzhilidegongxianjiangyouyingshilixiangruanshilizhuanbian,baokuoquanqiuzhilidelilunchuangxin、zhiduchuangxinheshijianchuangxin。tongshi,zhongguojiangjinyibufahuifuzerendaguozuoyong,lisuonengjiweiquanqiutigonggengduogonggongchanpin,wanshanquanqiuzhilitixi,gongxianzhongguozhihuihezhongguofangan,yugeguorenminyidao,tuidongrenleimingyungongtongtijianshe,gongtongchuangzaorenleifanronghemeihaoweilai。

zuoweiquanqiuzuidadezhizhengdang——zhongguogongchandangshizhongbaweirenleizuochuxindegengdadegongxianzuoweizijideshiming,bingxiangquanshijiezhengzhongchengnuo,zhongguojiangshizhonggaojuheping、fazhan、hezuo、gongyingdeqizhi,shizhongjianchizouhepingfazhandaolu,keshouweihushijieheping、cujingongtongfazhandewaijiaozhengcezongzhi,tuidongjianshexianghuzunzhong、gongpingzhengyi、hezuogongyingdexinxingguojiguanxi。tongshi,shijiudaxiugaihoude《dangzhang》jiangjianchizhengqueyiliguan,tuidonggoujianrenleimingyungongtongti,zunxungongshanggongjiangongxiangyuanze,tuijin“yidaiyilu”jianshedengquanqiuzhilidezhongguofangannaruqizhong,xiwangyizishenchenggongdedaolu、lilun、zhidu、wenhuabuduanfazhan,weifazhanzhongguojiatuozhanzouxiangxiandaihuadetujing,geineixiejixiwangjiakuaifazhanyouxiwangbaochizishendulixingdeguojiaheminzutigongquanxinxuanze,weijiejuerenleiwentihequanqiuzhiligongxianzhongguozhihuihezhongguofangan。

全球治理體系變革大勢所趨

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中國方案對全球治理變革貢獻巨大

yabo亚博体育app下载 shijiudabaogaoxuanbu,zhongguoteseshehuizhuyijinruxinshidai,yiweizhuzhongguodaolu、lilun、zhidu、wenhuabuduanfazhan,weifazhanzhongguojiazouxiangxiandaihuatuozhantujing,geineixiejixiwangjiakuaifazhanyouxiwangbaochizishendulixingdeguojiaheminzutigongquanxinxuanze,weijiejuerenleiwentigongxianlezhongguozhihuihezhongguofangan。

lilunshang,shijiudabaogaomingquetichu,tuidongjianshexianghuzunzhong、gongpingzhengyi、hezuogongyingdexinxingguojiguanxi。zaigoujianxinxingguojiguanxizhong,guojishehuibixujianchiduihuaerbuduikang、jiebanerbujiemengdehuobanguanxi,yigoujianrenleimingyungongtongtiweimubiao,bingchigongshanggongjiangongxiangdequanqiuzhiliguan,changdaoguojiguanximinzhuhua,guojiabufendaxiao、qiangruo、pinfu,bixuyilvpingdeng,jijizhichixinxingshichangyufazhanzhongguojiazaiguojishiwuzhongdedaibiaoxinghefayanquan。tongshi,zaizhoubianguanxizhong,zhongguoyizhijianchi“qinchenghuirong”heyulinweishan、yilinweibandelinian,zaiyufazhanzhongguojiaguanxizhong,bingchizhengqueyiliguanhe“zhenshiqincheng”dehezuolinian,zaiguojishiwuzhong,xuyaobingqijiemengduikangdejiusiwei,chaoyuelingheboyidelaotaolu,zunzhongshijiewenmingduoyangxing,yiwenmingjiaoliuchaoyuewenminggehe、wenminghujianchaoyuewenmingchongtu、wenminggongcunchaoyuewenmingyouyue。shangshuguojiguanxilinianchongfenfanyingchuxinshidaiguojiguanxifazhandexinqushi,bujinshizhongguowaijiaodexinsixiang,gengshizhongguowaijiaodexingdongzhinan,jiangduiguojiguanxichanshenghuashidaiyingxiang。

zhengceshang,shijiudabaogaoqiangdiao,zhongguokaifangdedamenbuhuiguanbi,zhihuiyuekaiyueda。shishishang,tuidongxingchengquanmiankaifangxingeju,shixinshidaizhongguoyinlingjingjiquanqiuhua、tuijinquanqiujingjizhiligaige,gongxianzhongguozhihui、tigongzhongguofangandezhuyaoqudao,gengshizhongguojingjiyougaozengchangxianggaozhiliangfazhanzhuanxingdezhongyaotuishou。zhongsuozhouzhi,zhongguojingjifazhannenggouqudejintianzheyangjushizhumudechengjiu,nenggouyueshengshijiedierdajingjiti,nenggouchengweishijiejingjidezhuyaoyinqing,nenggoucongbianyuanriyizoudaoshijiewutaizhongyang,nenggoubuduanweirenleiwenmingyufanrongzuochujudagongxian。zheyiqiedequdelibukaiguoqujin40nianzhongguochizhiyihengjianchiduiwaikaifangdezhengce。zhengru《dangzhang》suoqiangdiaode,jianchigaigekaifang,caishiqiangguozhilu,zhiyougaigekaifang,cainengfazhanzhongguo。zonghefenxi,zhongguojin40niandeduiwaikaifanglichengkefenweisangejieduan:diyijieduanshi1980—2000nian,weiduiwaikaifangde1.0chujiban;2001nianzhijin,yizhongguorushiweibiaozhi,duiwaikaifangjinru2.0shengjiban;shijiudahou,yidangdeshijiudabaogaozhichudezhongguoteseshehuizhuyijinruxinshidaiweiqidian,zhonghuaminzuyinglailecongzhanqilai、fuqilaidaoqiangqilaideweidafeiyue,duiwaikaifangyeyinglailechengqianqihou、jiwangkailaide3.0quanmianshengjiban。

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jingjifazhanzhong,zhongguojingjiduiwaikaifangjinruqiansuoweiyoudexinjieduan,biaozhizhuyaoyou:yishijiangduiwaikaifangzhiyujibenguoce。shixiang,shijieshangyounagezhengdangjiangduiwaikaifangzhengcelieruzijide《dangzhang》,bingjiangqizhiyujibenguocezhigaodu。kejian,yixijinpingtongzhiweihexindedangzhongyangzaiduiwaikaifangyitishangjuexinzhidaqiansuoweiyou,duiwaikaifangchengduzhishenqiansuoweiyou,duiwaikaifangfanweizhiguangqiansuoweiyou。ershiquanmianshixingzhunruqianguomindaiyujiafumianqingdanguanlizhidu。jintian,younagefazhanzhongguojiaduiwaichengnuo,quanmianshishizhunruqianguomindaiyujiafumianqingdanzheyangtoumingdekaifangzhengce。zhiyouzhongguogongchandanglingdaoxiadezhongguo,jiyuduidaoluzixin、lilunzixin、zhiduzixin、wenhuazixin,zai《dangzhang》zhongmingqueguiding,quanmianshixingzhunruqianguomindaiyujiafumianqingdanguanlizhidu。sanshidafudufangkuanshichangzhunru,kuodafuwuyeduiwaikaifang。shishishang,zhongguoyizhizainulikuodafuwuyeduiwaikaifang,zi2015nianyilaiyijingxianhoujianlileshanghai、tianjin、guangzhoudeng11gegejutese、geyoucezhongdezimaoqu,zhuyaolizuyufuwuyedengduiwaikaifang。youqishishijiudabaogaotichuletansuojiansheziyoumaoyigang。shanghaiyilvxiantichujianlizimaogangdegouxiang,zhongdianfangdaoxianxingxianshijinrongdengfuwuyeduiwaikaifang,baokuozibenxiangmudekaifang。jiazhi,zhiqiantichudejianliyuegangaowanqujingjideng,zhongguoduiwaikaifangqueshijinruleyigexinjieduan。tongshi,zhongguojiangchuangxinduiwaitouzifangshi,cujinguojichannenghezuo,xingchengmianxiangquanqiudemaoyi、tourongzi、shengchan、fuwuwangluo,jiakuaipeiyuguojijingjihezuohejingzhengxinyoushi。sishiduiwaiziqiyeyishitongren。zaishishizhunruqianguomindaiyujiafumianqingdanjichushang,shijiudabaogaotichu,fanshizaizhongguojingneizhucedeqiye,douyaoyishitongren、pingdengduidai。zheshizhenzhengluoshigeiyuzhongwaiziqiyepingdengduidaideguomindaiyu。dangran,zaiguanxidaoguojiaanquandeteshulingyu,huanshiyinggaishishineiwaiziyoubiedezhengce。yejiushishuo,guoneiqiyeyuwaiziqiyedefumianqingdanhuibutong,dansuoyouqingdanwaidelingyuneiwaiziqiyedounengyishitongrendijinru。

yabo亚博体育app下载 guojishang,shijiudabaogaogeiguojishehuifachujijixinhao,jianchijianshekaifangxingjingji,nulishixianhuligongying,tuidongjingjiquanqiuhuachaozhugengjiakaifang、baorong、puhui、pingheng、gongyingdefangxiangfazhan。zai11yuejieshudeapeclingdaorenfeizhengshihuiyishang,yuhuilingdaorenheqiyejiamengaoduchengzanzhonggongshijiuda。zhecongapeclingdaoren《xuanyan》bazhongguofazhanduogeliniannaruqizhongkejianyiban。ru《xuanyan》chengnuo,gongtongzhiliyugoujianheping、wending、huoli、liandonghefanrongdeyataimingyungongtongti、zhiliyuquanmianxitongtuijinbingzuizhongshixianyataiziyoumaoyiqu,shenrutuijinquyujingjiyitihuajinchengdeng。youqishi《xuanyan》jiangzhongguozai“yidaiyilu”jianshezhongtichangde“wutong”liniannaruqizhong,zhongshen“zhiliyuzai2025nianqianshixianyataiwufeng、quanfangweihulianhutongheyitihuademubiao,huanyinggechengyuannulikaizhanhezuo,cujinzhengcegoutong、maoyichangtong、sheshiliantong、zijinrongtong、minxinxiangtong”。shishishang,zai2017nian9yue11ri,di71jielianheguodahuiyijingtongguojueyi,jiangzhongguodegongshang、gongjian、gongxiangchangyinaruquanqiujingjizhililinian,yaoqiu“gefangbenzhu‘gongshang、gongjian、gongxiang’yuanzegaishanquanqiujingjizhili,jiaqianglianheguozuoyong”,tongshizhongshen,“benzhuhezuogongyingjingshen,goujianrenleimingyungongtongti”。ciqian,lianheguoyiyizhitongguodi2344haojueyi,huyugeguotuijin“yidaiyilu”jianshe,bingshoucizairu“goujianrenleimingyungongtongti”linian,huyugeguozhichi“dazhongchuangye、wanzhongchuangxin”deng。zhongguolinianzhengyuelaiyueduodibeixierulianheguojueyi,xianshichuzhongguozhihui、zhongguofanganzhengbianchengquanqiuzhilixinlinian。

jinruxinshidaidezhongguo,duishijiejingjidegongxiankaishiyouliangzengdaozhibian,duiquanqiuzhilidegongxianjiangyouyingshilixiangruanshilizhuanbian,baokuoquanqiuzhilidelilunchuangxin、zhiduchuangxinheshijianchuangxin。tongshi,zhongguojiangjinyibufahuifuzerendaguozuoyong,lisuonengjiweiquanqiutigonggengduogonggongchanpin,wanshanquanqiuzhilitixi,gongxianzhongguozhihuihezhongguofangan,yugeguorenminyidao,tuidongrenleimingyungongtongtijianshe,gongtongchuangzaorenleifanronghemeihaoweilai。

(作者:陳鳳英 中國現代國際關系研究院研究員,博士生導師)

來源:《當代世界》2017年第12期

 
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